Partner Lord Alfred Douglas

Queer Places:
Oscar Wilde Centre, 21 Westland Row, Dublin 2, Irlanda
American College Dublin, 2 Marino Park, Merrion Square West, Dublin, Irlanda
Portora Royal School, Derrygonnelly Rd, Enniskillen BT74 7EY, Regno Unito
Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Co. Dublin, Irlanda
University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, Regno Unito
10 St James's Pl, St. James's, London SW1A 1NP, Regno Unito
Fielden House, 13 Little College St, Westminster, London SW1P 3SH, Regno Unito
80 Strand, London WC2R 0ZA, UK
34 Tite St, Chelsea, London SW3 4JA, Regno Unito
44 Tite St, Chelsea, London SW3, Regno Unito
2 Courtfield Gardens, Earls Court, London SW5 0PA, Regno Unito
9 Carlos Pl, Mayfair, London W1K 3AT, Regno Unito
Belmond Cadogan Hotel, 75 Sloane St, London SW1X 9SG, UK
Hotel Café Royal, 68 Regent St, London W1B 4DY, Regno Unito
Brown's Hotel, Albemarle St, Mayfair, London W1S 4BP, Regno Unito
The Savoy, Strand, London WC2R 0EU, Regno Unito
Hôtel d’Alsace, 13 Rue des Beaux Arts, 75006 Paris, Francia
Albergo Victoria, Corso Umberto, 81, 98039 Taormina ME
Père Lachaise Cemetery, 16 Rue du Repos, 75020 Paris, Francia
Westminster Abbey, 20 Deans Yd, Westminster, London SW1P 3PA, Regno Unito

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, and the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.

Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. Their son became fluent in French and German early in life. At university, Wilde read Greats; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

Oscar Wilde portrait to have first UK exhibition | Culture | The ...
by Robert Goodloe Harper Pennington, c. 1884

10 St James's Pl, St. James's, London

The Savoy, London

Westminster Abbey, London

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde had the Marquess of Queensberry prosecuted for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life. He died destitute in Paris at the age of 46.

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