Partner Mabel Haynes, Gertrude Stein

Queer Places:
24 E 64th St, New York, NY 10065
Bryn Mawr College, 101 N Merion Ave, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010
104 Loring Ave, Pelham, NY 10803
The Wyoming, 853 7th Ave, New York, NY 10019
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850

Mary Aletta Bookstaver (October 12, 1875 – 1950) was a feminist, political activist, and editor, widely known by the nickname "May." She was a member of the Heterodoxy Club. She worked closely with Margaret Sanger as a birth control activist, and together they were dedicated to promoting the principle of intelligent and voluntary motherhood. Knoblauch worked alongside Sanger as the Managing Editor and writer of the The Birth Control Review, which was a magazine/scholarly journal that publicized the importance for women to take ownership of their own bodies.

Daughter of Judge Henry W. Bookstaver and Mary Baily Young, she attended Miss Florence Baldwin's School (now Baldwin School) and graduated from Bryn Mawr College in 1898 in history and political science. After graduation she moved to Baltimore, Maryland, where she was part of a circle of lesbian Bryn Mawr graduates, including Bookstaver's lover, Mabel Haynes. Gertrude Stein, then a Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine student, became infatuated with Bookstaver, who found Stein's naïveté literally laughable, but introduced Stein to physical love. The experience made a deep impression on Stein, whose first novel, QED, completed in Baltimore in 1903, was an autobiographical account of this love triangle, with Bookstaver's character named "Helen Thomas."

In 1906 Bookstaver married Charles Edward Knoblauch (1870–1934), a broker on the New York Stock Exchange and Rough Rider veteran of the Spanish–American War, at her father's summer cottage in Newport, Rhode Island. After a honeymoon in Europe, she and her husband lived in "The Wyoming" in New York City. She adopted the style of "Mrs. Charles E. Knoblauch."

She carried Gertrude Stein's manuscript 'word portraits' of Matisse and Picasso to Alfred Stieglitz's Camera Work office at 291 Fifth Avenue, (Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession) and insisted that Stieglitz publish them, which he did in the August 1912 edition of Camera Work, a special edition devoted to Picasso and Matisse. This was Stein's first publication.

As Stieglitz recounted the episode, "In December 1911, or perhaps it was January 1912, a huge woman leading a huge Boston bulldog entered 291. She had a portfolio filled with manuscripts under her arm. It was a funny sight to see the woman with her bulldog and bursting portfolio in that tiny room."

The dog, named Kuroki, was a French bull terrier which became famous when Bookstaver took him for a walk in 1915 "without any muzzle over his inconsequential nose," (as reported by The New York Times) a violation of health regulations. Her lawyer Bertha Rembaugh argued "as long as children weren't muzzled dogs should not be …" The case failed, and Bookstaver paid a fine. Also in 1915 she sold her deceased father's house, a four-story townhouse that still stands at 24 East 64th Street, New York City.

She was later on the Board of Directors of New York Women's Publishing Company, the publisher of Margaret Sanger's Birth Control Review, which she served as editor of from February 1919.

She translated Guillaume Apollinaire's 1913 Les Peintres cubistes [Méditations Esthétiques] as "Aesthetic Meditations on Painting: The Cubist Painters" published in The Little Review in three parts in 1922.

Childless and a widow from 1934, Bookstaver died in New York City in 1950. She left her entire estate to Elinor Byrns and George Garfunkel. Alice B. Toklas jealously demanded Stein burn Bookstaver's letters. Her other papers are scattered or destroyed.

In 1952, Elinor Byrns and George Garfunkel gave $1,000 to set up 10 annual $100 prizes at Cornell University. The prize was named Mary B. Knoblauch and was given to the best essay about the history or the problems, present and future, of the struggle of women's equality.


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