William Hamilton Mitchell Acton (16 August 1906 - 31 August 1945) was an Anglo-Italian painter who died while in active service during World War II.
William Hamilton Mitchell Acton was born on 16 August 1906, the son of Arthur Acton (1873–1953), an art collector and dealer, and Hortense Lenore Mitchell (1871–1962), the heiress of John J. Mitchell, President of the Illinois Trust and Savings Bank. Harold Acton
was his older brother.
He attended Chateau de Lancy, Geneva, and Eton College;
at Eton his contemporaries were Robert Byron
, Brian Howard
Alfred Duggan and Anthony Powell
, who remembers William fondly in his memoirs.
In 1922 a reproduction of his painting, ''Nature Morte'', appeared in the ''Eton Candle''. At Eton he was among the founders of the Eton Society of Arts in February 1922 with Brian Howard, Henry Yorke, his brother Harold, Robert Byron, Alan Clutton-Brock, Hugh Lygon
, Anthony Powell
and Colin Anderson.
In 1925 Acton moved to Christ Church, Oxford, with many of his friends, but remained for only one year. Brian Howard
wrote a satyrical profile of William Acton in his ''Continuation of Oxford Portraits of 1925-6'' which appeared in the ''Cherwell''. Other profiles were: David Herbert
, Mark Ogilvie-Grant
, René Crevel, Henry Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath and Charles Plumb. In the previous issue the profiles had been Robert Byron
, Harold Acton
, John Sutro
, Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne
, Edward Henry Charles James Fox-Strangways, 7th Earl of Ilchester. At Oxford William Acton's friends were Hugh Lygon
, Robert Byron
, Brian Howard
, Michael Parsons, David Plunket Greene, Roy Harrod, Evelyn Waugh
and John Sutro
After college the Acton's brothers were part of a circle including Diana Mitford and her first husband, Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne
, John Betjeman
, Roy Harrod, Henry Yorke and his wife, Robert Byron
, Evelyn Waugh
, Randolph Churchill and Diana Churchill.
William Acton sketched the Mitford girls.
Not long after being demobilised from the Pioneer Corps during World War II, William Acton died on 31 August 1945 after a short illness and is buried with his family at Cimitero degli Allori.
Several works by William Acton have been sold at auctions, including "Armiola" sold at Christie's in 2016 for $16,250.
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- ^ cite web|title=Private William Hamilton Mitchell Acton|url=http://www.chch.ox.ac.uk/fallen-alumni/private-william-hamilton-mitchell-acton|website=Christ Church|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite book|last1=Lancaster|first1=Marie-Jaqueline|title=Brian Howard: Portrait of a Failure|date=2005|publisher=Timewell Press|page=122|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=7IVRYLb2wcAC&pg=PA122|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite book|last1=Powell|first1=Anthony|title=To Keep the Ball Rolling: The Memoirs of Anthony Powell|date=2001|publisher=University of Chicago Press|page=50|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=SKaHNB1OM9wC&pg=PA50|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite book|last1=Clark|first1=Adrian|title=British and Irish Art, 1945-1951: From War to Festival|date=2010|publisher=Hogarth Arts|page=70|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=oF5IAQAAIAAJ|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite book|last1=Fielding|first1=Daphne Vivian|title=Mercury Presides|date=1954|publisher=Eyre & Spottiswoode|page=105|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=nMQZAAAAYAAJ|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite book|last1=Wilson|first1=A.N.|title=Betjeman|date=2011|publisher=Random House|page=77|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=ZyC4wEyiTsoC&pg=PA77|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite book|last1=Thompson|first1=Laura|title=Take Six Girls: The Lives of the Mitford Sisters|date=2015|publisher=Head of Zeus|page=72|url=https://books.google.it/books?id=kAyiCgAAQBAJ&pg=PT72|accessdate=21 January 2018
- ^ cite web|title=William Acton (1906-1945) Armiola|url=http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/william-acton-1906-1945-armiola-5978666-details.aspx|website=Christie's|accessdate=21 January 2018