Partner Sophie Elkan

Queer Places:
Uppsala University, Uppsala, 752 36 Uppsala, Svezia
Mårbacka, 686 96 Östra Ämtervik, Svezia
Östra Ämterviks kyrkogård, so, 686 96 Sunne, Svezia

Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf (20 November 1858 – 16 March 1940) was a Swedish author and teacher. She was the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Born at Mårbacka[1] (now in Sunne Municipality) an estate in Värmland in western Sweden, Lagerlöf was the daughter of Lieutenant Erik Gustaf Lagerlöf and Louise Lagerlöf née Wallroth, the couple's fifth child out of six. She was born with a hip injury. An early sickness left her lame in both legs, although she later recovered. She was a quiet child, more serious than others her age, with a deep love for reading. She was constantly writing poetry as a child, but did not publish anything officially until later in life. Her grandmother helped raise her, often telling stories of fairytales and fantasy. The sale of Mårbacka following her father's illness in 1884 had a serious impact on her development. Selma's father is said to have been an alcoholic, something she rarely discussed.[2] Her father did not want Selma to continue an education, or remain involved with the woman's movement. She ended up buying back her father's estate with the money she received for her Nobel Prize achievement.[3]

In 1894 she met the Swedish writer Sophie Elkan, who became her friend and companion; their letters suggest Lagerlöf fell deeply in love with her.[6] Over many years, Elkan and Lagerlöf critiqued each other's work. Lagerlöf wrote that Elkan strongly influenced her work and that she often disagreed sharply with the direction Lagerlöf wanted to take in her books. Selma's letters to Sophie were published in 1993, titled Du lär mig att bli fri (You Teach me to be Free).[5]

She moved in 1897 to Falun, and met Valborg Olander, who became her literary assistant and friend, but Elkan's jealousy of Olander was a complication in the relationship. Olander, a teacher, was also active in the growing women's suffrage movement in Sweden. Selma Lagerlöf herself was active as a speaker for the National Association for Women's Suffrage, which was beneficial for the organisation because of the great respect which surrounded Lagerlöf, and she spoke at the International Suffrage Congress in Stockholm in June 1911, where she gave the opening address, as well as at the victory party of the Swedish suffrage movement after women suffrage had been granted in May 1919.[11]

Selma Lagerlöf was a friend of the German-Jewish writer Nelly Sachs. Shortly before her death in 1940, Lagerlöf intervened with the Swedish royal family to secure the release of Sachs and Sachs' aged mother from Nazi Germany, on the very last flight from Germany to Sweden, and their lifelong asylum in Stockholm.


  1. H. G. L. (1916), "Miss Lagerlöf at Marbacka", in Henry Goddard Leach, The American-Scandinavian review, 4, American-Scandinavian Foundation, p. 36
  2. "Selma Lagerlöf: Surface and Depth". The Public Domain Review. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  3. "Selma Lagerlof | Swedish author". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  4. Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Lagerlof, Ottilia Lovisa Selma". Encyclopedia Americana.
  5. "Selma Ottiliana Lovisa Lagerlöf (1858–1940)". Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  6. Munck, Kerstin (2002), "Lagerlöf, Selma",
  7. Zaun-Goshen, Heike (2002), Times of Change
  8. "Selma Lagerlöf – Biographical". Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  9. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Lagerlöf, Selma". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
  10. "100 år med Nils Holgersson" (PDF). Lund University Library. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  11. Hedwall, Barbro (2011). Susanna Eriksson Lundqvist. red. Vår rättmätiga plats. Om kvinnornas kamp för rösträtt. (Our Rightful Place. About women's struggle for suffrage) Förlag Bonnier. ISBN 978-91-7424-119-8 (Swedish)
  12. Furhammar, Leif (2010), "Selma Lagerlöf and Literary Adaptations", Mariah Larsson and Anders Marklund (eds), "Swedish Film: An Introduction and Reader", Lund: Nordic Academic Press, pp. 86–91.
  13. Lagerlöf, Selma (10 December 1909). "Banquet Speech". Nobel Prize. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  14. "Literature 1909",, retrieved 6 March 2010
  15. "Våldsam debatt i Akademien när Lagerlöf valdes" (in Swedish). Svenska Dagbladet. 25 September 2009.
  16. 20 Swedish Krona banknote 2008 Selma Lagerlöf. (20 April 2015)
  17. Gunther, Ralph (2003), "The magic zone: sketches of the Nobel Laureates", Scripta Humanistica, 150, p. 36, ISBN 1-882528-40-9
  18. "Selma Lagerlöf – Bibliography",, retrieved 6 March 2010
  19. Liukkonen, Petri. "Selma Lagerlöf". Books and Writers ( Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015.