Partner Selma Lagerlöf
Sophie Elkans gata, 422 49 Hisings Backa, Sweden
Gamla kyrkogården, Göteborg, Svezia
Sophie Elkan, née Salomon (3 January 1853, Gothenburg –5 April 1921, Stockholm), was a Swedish-Jewish writer and translator. A street in Gothenburg, Sophie Elkans gata (Sophie Elkan Street), is named after her.
Sophie Elkan was born to the wealthy Jewish merchant Alexander Salomon and Henriette Abrahamson: her parents had migrated to Sweden from Germany. She was raised in a happy home and affected strongly by her intellectual mother. She married in 1872 to her cousin, the merchant Nathan Elkan (1834-1879), with whom she had a daughter, Kerstin (1877-1879). Her marriage was happy, and the death of her spouse and daughter caused a crisis; for the rest of her life, she dressed in black.
As a widow, she began to make translations, publish serials and papers, and debuted as a novelist in 1889. Her first novel, John Hall – en historia från det gamla Göteborg, was an immediate success. As a writer, she made much use of her own life and experiences in her novels.
As a person, she has been described as egocentric and nervous, but also as hospitable and charming. In 1894, she became acquainted with Selma Lagerlöf, who, as is evident from their correspondence, was in love with her. The two women visited Italy in 1895, and traveled to Egypt, Palestine, Italy, France, Belgium and Holland in 1899. After her death, Lagerlöf inherited her personal possessions, which she used to decorate a room in her home Mårbacka to a museum over Elkan: Elkanrummet (Elkan Room).
The relationship between Selma Lagerlöf, Valborg Olander and Sophie Elkan was portryayed in a TV Series written by Åsa Lantz in 2008, with Helena Bergström as Selma Lagerlöf, Ingela Olsson as Valborg Olander and Alexandra Rapaport as Sophie Elkan.