Partner Mabel Hyde Kittredge

Queer Places:
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, Stati Uniti
Henry Street Settlement, 265 Henry St, New York, NY 10002, Stati Uniti
House on the Pond, 4 Round Pond Rd, Westport, CT 06880
Mount Hope Cemetery, 1133 Mt Hope Ave, Rochester, NY 14620, Stati Uniti

Lillian D. Wald (March 10, 1867 – September 1, 1940) was an American nurse, humanitarian and author. She was known for contributions to human rights and was the founder of American community nursing.[1] She founded the Henry Street Settlement in New York City and was an early advocate to have nurses in public schools.

After growing up in Ohio and New York, Wald became a nurse. She briefly attended medical school and began to teach community health classes. After founding the Henry Street Settlement, she became an activist for the rights of women and minorities. She campaigned for suffrage and was a supporter of racial integration. She was involved in the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

Wald never married. She maintained her closest relationships and attachments with women. Correspondence reveals that Wald felt intimate affection for at least two of her companions, homemaking author Mabel Hyde Kittredge and lawyer Helen Arthur. Ultimately, however, Wald was more engaged in her work with Henry Street than in any intimate relationship. In regard to Wald's relationships, author Clare Coss writes that Wald "remained in the end forever elusive. She preferred personal independence, which allowed her to move quickly, travel freely and act boldly."[11] Wald's personal life and focus on independence was clear in her devotion to the Settlement and improving public health.

She died of a cerebral hemorrhage on September 1, 1940. A rabbi conducted a memorial service at Henry Street's Neighborhood Playhouse. A private service was also held at Wald's home. A few months later at Carnegie Hall, over 2,000 people gathered at a tribute to Wald that included messages delivered by the president, governor and mayor.[3] She was interred at Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester.[12]


  1. Philips, Deborah (1999). "Healthy Heroines: Sue Barton, Lillian Wald, Lavinia Lloyd Dock and the Henry Street Settlement". Journal of American Studies. 33 (1): 65–82. doi:10.1017/S0021875898006070.
  2. Lillian D. Wald biography, National Women's History Museum website and newsletter. Retrieved February 20, 2010
  3. Women of Valor exhibit on Lillian Wald, the Jewish Women's Archive
  4. "Elizabeth Milbank Anderson". New York Times. May 25, 1916. p. 16.
  5. Elizabeth Fee and Liping Bu (July 2010). "The Origins of Public Health Nursing: The Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service". American Journal of Public Health. 100 (7): 1206–1207. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.186049. PMC 2882394. PMID 20466947.
  6. Letter from Lillian Wald to Lee Frankel May 9, 1913. Wald-4. Lillian Wald Papers. Linda Lear Special Collections and Archives, Connecticut College.
  7. Letter from Lillian Wald to Joseph Levine February 5th, 1934. Wald-4. Lillian Wald Papers. Linda Lear Special Collections and Archives, Connecticut College.
  8. "National Child Labor Committee". Women Working, 1800-1930. Harvard University Library Open Collections Program. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  9. "NAACP: 100 Years of History". naacp.org. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  10. Marlin, John Tepper. "NAACP, Happy 100th Birthday". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  11. Coss, Clare (ed.) (1989). Lillian D. Wald, Progressive Activist. Feminist Press at CUNY. pp. 8–10. ISBN 1558610006.
  12. "AAHN Gravesites of Prominent Nurses: Lillian D. Wald". American Association for the History of Nursing, Inc. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  13. "The MCA Hall of Fame for Great Americans Collectors Guide". Medal Collectors of America. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  14. "NYCHA Housing Developments". New York City Housing Authority. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2013.