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Leicester Bodine Holland - WikipediaLeicester Bodine Holland (23 May 1882 – February 7, 1952) was an American architect, art historian and archaeologist and holder of the Carnegie Chair at the Library of Congress. One could establish the gayness of Leicester Holland, chairman in the 1930s of the American Institute of Architects committee on the Preservation of Historic Buildings, without having to infer it from a subkective cluster of "gaydar" indications, including a photo that shows him wearing a ring on only the little finger of his left hand.

Holland was born in Louisville, Kentucky, the son of Dr. James W. Holland and Mary Boggs Rupert. His father was the Dean of the Jefferson Medical College; and when he graduated from William Penn Charter School in Philadelphia in 1898 Leicester Holland originally intended to also become a doctor. However, instead he went into architecture and after he received a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1902 he gained a further Bachelor of Science degree in Architecture in 1904. Later he received his M.A. in 1917 and his Ph.D in 1919,[1] all from the University of Pennsylvania.[2][3]

He trained in architecture with Wilson Eyre in Philadelphia and with Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson of Boston. By 1907 he had set up the partnership of Howell & Holland with Carl Howell, a partnership which lasted until 1912. From then on Holland became interested in archaeology, and eventually he left architecture to follow this interest. From 1913 to 1946 he was a member of the Faculty of the University of Pennsylvania serving as Associate Professor of Architecture (1922–23) and later served as Chief of the Division of Fine Arts and holder of the Carnegie Chair at the Library of Congress. In 1923 he married the academic and archaeologist Louise Holland (1893–1990) and their daughter Barbara Adams Holland was born in 1925. A second daughter, Marian Rupert Holland, was born in 1927[4] while their son Lawrence Rozier Holland was born in 1930.[5] His sister-in-law was the United States Poet Laureate Léonie Adams. From 1945 to 1946 he was a lecturer in Classical Archaeology at Bryn Mawr College and from 1946 to 1947 an architect with the Corinth excavations of the American School in Athens.[2]

Holland had joined the American Institute of Architecture (AIA) in 1913 and in 1920 became a Fellow of the Institute. He was also a member of the Philadelphia Sketch Club and of the Archaeological Institute of America.[2] He was well known during his lifetime for his book The Garden Bluebook: A Manual of the Perennial Garden (first published in 1915, with later editions), which "advised amateur gardeners and those working in the newly professionalized field of landscape architecture to think of their herbaceous borders as a series of pictures changing month by month."[6] With Harry Parker he wrote Ready-Written Specifications: A Compendium of Clauses for Direct Use in Architectural Specifications (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1926). The Leicester B. Holland Prize is awarded annually by the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) in recognition of the best single-sheet measured drawing of an historic building, site, or structure.[7]


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