Friedhof der Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche Charlottenburg, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin, Germany
'''John Henry Mackay''' (6 February 1864 – 16 May 1933) was an individualist anarchist, thinker and writer. Born in Scotland and raised in Germany, Mackay was the author of ''Die Anarchisten'' (The Anarchists, 1891) and ''Der Freiheitsucher'' (The Searcher for Freedom, 1921). Mackay was published in the United States in his friend Benjamin Tucker's magazine, ''Liberty''.
Mackay was born in Greenock on February 6, 1864. His mother came from a prosperous Hamburg family. His father was a Scottish marine insurance broker who died when the child was less than two years old, at which point mother and son returned to Germany, where Mackay grew up.
Mackay lived in Berlin from 1896 onwards, and became a friend of scientist and Gemeinschaft der Eigenen co-founder Benedict Friedlaender.
Mackay died in Stahnsdorf on 16 May 1933, ten days after the Nazi book burnings at the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft. Adolf Hitler had become Reichskanzler on 30 January 1933, and soon all activities of the German homosexual emancipation movement ceased. Allegations that Mackay's death may have been a suicide have been disputed: "Mackay died on 16 May 1933 in the office of his doctor, only a few houses from his own, apparently of a heart attack. He was also suffering from stones in his bladder." Hubert Kennedy, "Anarchist of Love: The Secret Life of John Henry Mackay"
Under his real name he published fiction, such as ''Der Schwimmer'' (1901) and, as Sagitta, he published a novel of the Berlin boy-bars, ''Der Puppenjunge'' (literally "The Boy-Doll", but published in English as ''The Hustler'') (1926). In a note to the American publisher of this book, Christopher Isherwood said, "It gives a picture of the Berlin sexual underworld early in this century which I know, from my own experience, to be authentic."
Richard Strauss's well-known songs from his ''Vier Lieder'' (Op. 27), a wedding gift to his wife in 1894, include settings to music of two of Mackay's poems: ''"Morgen!"'' and ''"Heimliche Aufforderung"''. Other uses of Mackay's poems by Strauss include ''"Verführung"'' (Op. 33 No. 1) and ''"In der Campagna"'' (Op. 41 No. 2).
Arnold Schoenberg set music to his poem "Am Wegrand."
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- ^ *Cite web |url=http://www.glbtq.com/literature/mackay_jh.html |title=Mackay, John Henry (1864-1933) |publisher=glbtq.com |work=glbtq: an encyclopedia of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender, & queer culture |accessdate=August 25, 2011 |last=Kennedy |first=Hubert |authorlink=Hubert Kennedy |year=2002 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110629120245/http://www.glbtq.com/literature/mackay_jh.html |archivedate=June 29, 2011 |df=