Queer Places:
Stephens College, 1200 E Broadway, Columbia, MO 65215, Stati Uniti
Omni Parker House, 60 School St, Boston, MA 02108, Stati Uniti
Ferncliff Cemetery, 280 Secor Rd, Hartsdale, NY 10530, Stati Uniti

Image result for Joan CrawfordJoan Crawford (born Lucille Fay LeSueur; March 23, c. 1904 – May 10, 1977) was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer and stage showgirl. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Crawford tenth on its list of the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema.

Beginning her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies, before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway, Crawford signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925. In the 1930s, Crawford's fame rivaled, and later outlasted, MGM colleagues Norma Shearer and Greta Garbo. Crawford often played hard-working young women who find romance and success. These stories were well received by Depression-era audiences and were popular with women. Crawford became one of Hollywood's most prominent movie stars and one of the highest-paid women in the United States, but her films began losing money and, by the end of the 1930s, she was labelled "box office poison". But her career gradually improved in the early 1940s, and she made a major comeback in 1945 by starring in Mildred Pierce, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She would go on to receive Best Actress nominations for Possessed (1947) and Sudden Fear (1952). She continued to act in film and television throughout the 1950s and 1960s; she achieved box office success with the highly successful horror film Whatever Happened To Baby Jane? (1962), in which she starred alongside Bette Davis, her long-time rival.[14]

In 1955, Crawford became involved with the Pepsi-Cola Company through her marriage to company Chairman Alfred Steele. After his death in 1959, Crawford was elected to fill his vacancy on the board of directors, serving until she was forcibly retired in 1973. After the release of the British horror film Trog in 1970, Crawford retired from the screen. Following a public appearance in 1974, after which unflattering photographs were published,[15] Crawford withdrew from public life and became increasingly reclusive until her death in 1977.[16]

Crawford married four times. Her first three marriages ended in divorce; the last ended with the death of husband Alfred Steele. She adopted five children, one of whom was reclaimed by his birth mother. Crawford's relationships with her two elder children, Christina and Christopher, were acrimonious. Crawford disinherited the two, and, after Crawford's death, Christina wrote a well-known "tell-all" memoir titled Mommie Dearest (1978).[17]

On May 8, 1977, Crawford gave away her beloved Shih Tzu, "Princess Lotus Blossom," being too weak to care for her.[86] Crawford died two days later at her New York apartment of a heart attack.[68] A funeral was held at Campbell Funeral Home, New York, on May 13, 1977. In her will, which was signed on October 28, 1976, Crawford bequeathed to her two youngest children, Cindy and Cathy, $77,500 each from her $2,000,000 estate.

She explicitly disinherited the two eldest, Christina and Christopher: "It is my intention to make no provision herein for my son, Christopher, or my daughter, Christina, for reasons which are well known to them".[87] She also bequeathed nothing to her niece, Joan Lowe (1933–1999; born Joan Crawford LeSueur, the only child of her estranged brother, Hal). Crawford left money to her favorite charities: the U.S.O. of New York, the Motion Picture Home, the American Cancer Society, the Muscular Dystrophy Association, the American Heart Association, and the Wiltwyck School for Boys.[88]

A memorial service was held for Crawford at All Souls' Unitarian Church on Lexington Avenue in New York on May 16, 1977, and was attended by, among others, her old Hollywood friend Myrna Loy. Another memorial service, organized by George Cukor, was held on June 24 in the Samuel Goldwyn Theater at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in Beverly Hills. Crawford was cremated and her ashes were placed in a crypt with her fourth and final husband, Alfred Steele, in Ferncliff Cemetery, Hartsdale, New York.[89]

Joan Crawford's handprints and footprints are immortalized in the forecourt of Grauman's Chinese Theater on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood.[90] She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1752 Vine Street for her contributions to the motion picture industry.[91] Playboy listed Crawford as #84 of the "100 Sexiest Women of the 20th century".[92] Crawford was also voted the tenth greatest female star of the classic American cinema by the American Film Institute.[93]


  1. Time Magazine (June 23, 1947). LIFE. Time-Life Inc. p. 45. ISSN 0024-3019. (Originally appeared in Life, June 23, 1947) The year of Miss Crawford's birth has been variously identified as 1904, 1906, 1908 and 1909, the last being her own favorite..
  2. 1910 United States Federal Census Lrsesil Casson Birth:Circa 1905. Myheritage.com (1910 U.S. Federal Census Records)
  3. Scott Wilson (2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 165. ISBN 978-1-4766-2599-7. Crawford, Joan (Lucille LeSueur, March 23, 1904–May 10, 1977) San Antonio born film star.... Her ashes were placed in the vault beside the coffin of her husband, with the crypt listing her birth year as 1908.
  4. Lawrence J. Quirk; William Schoell (2002). Joan Crawford: The Essential Biography. University Press of Kentucky. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8131-2254-0. On March 23, 1904, in San Antonio, Texas, Anna Bell Johnson LeSueur gave birth to a little girl, whom she and her husband, Thomas, named Lucille Fay. Lucille was the couple's third child; another daughter, Daisy, had died in infancy, and Lucille's brother, Hal, had been born the previous year. (Many years later, when little Lucille was the famous woman known to the world as Joan Crawford, the year of her birth would mysteriously change to 1906 or 1908.)
  5. Thomas S. Hischak (2008). The Oxford Companion to the American Musical:Theatre, Film, and Television: Theatre, Film, and Television. Oxford University Press. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-19-533533-0. Crawford, Joan [born Lucille Fay LeSueur] (1904-1977)
  6. David Bret (2009). Joan Crawford: Hollywood Martyr. Da Capo Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7867-3236-4. She was born Lucille Fay LeSueur, most likely on 23 March 1904 (though she always maintained it was 1908, when birth certificates became state mandatroy...)
  7. Mark Knowles (2009). The Wicked Waltz and Other Scandalous Dances: Outrage at Couple Dancing in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries. McFarland. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-7864-3708-5. Joan Crawford was born Lucille Fay LeSueur in San Antonio, Texas on March 23, 1904. (After she was famous, the date of her birth mysteriously changed to 1906 or 1908)
  8. Liz Sonneborn (2002). A to Z of American Women in the Performing Arts. Infobase Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4381-0790-5. Joan Crawford was born Lucille Fay LeSueur in San Antonio, Texas, on March 23, 1904.)
  9. Peter Cowie (2009). Joan Crawford: The Enduring Star. University of Michigan. ISBN 978-0-8478-3066-4. On March 23, 1908, by her own reckoning (although the real date may have been 1905, or even 1904), Lucille Fay LeSueur was born ...
  10. Jennifer Uglow (1991). Macmillan Dictionary of Women's Biography. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-349-12704-7. Crawford, Joan [stage name of Lucille Fay Le Suent] (1904–77).....
  11. Lynda G. Adamson (1999). Notable Women in American History: A Guide to Recommended Biographies and Autobiographies. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-29584-3. CRAWFORD, JOAN (1904-1977) Actor San Antonio, Texas Joan Crawford was an award-winning actor....
  12. Richard Alleman (2013). New York: The Ultimate Insider Tour of Movie New York. Random House. p. 476. ISBN 978-0-8041-3778-2. Joan was born in 1904, and according to one Hollywood contemporary who knew Joan when, it was really closer to 1901..
  13. Christina Crawford (1979). Mommie Dearest. Berkley. ISBN 978-0-425-04444-5.
  14. Miller, Julie. "Fact-Checking Feud: Joan Crawford and Bette Davis's 1963 Oscar Showdown". HWD. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
  15. Considine, pg. 396
  16. Donald Spoto (3 February 2011). Possessed: The Life of Joan Crawford. Random House. p. 286. ISBN 978-1-4070-8811-2.
  17. Elizabeth Day. "I'll never forgive Mommie: Joan Crawford's daughter gives first interview in 10 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
  18. David Bret (2009). Joan Crawford: Hollywood Martyr. Da Capo Press, Incorporated. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-7867-3236-4.
  19. Lawrence J. Quirk; William Schoell (2013). Joan Crawford: The Essential Biography. University Press of Kentucky. p. 1. ISBN 0-8131-4411-6.
  20. Spoto, Donald (2010). Possessed – the Life of Joan Crawford. Harper Collins. pp. 6–14. ISBN 978-0-06-185600-6.
  21. Newquist, pg. 25
  22. Caitlin Gallagher. "Joan Crawford's Story About Having Sex With Her Stepfather On 'Feud' Raises Serious Concerns". The Bustle. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
  23. Denby, David, "Escape Artist, The Case for Joan Crawford", The New Yorker, January 3, 2011.
  24. Mark Knowles (2009). The Wicked Waltz and Other Scandalous Dances: Outrage at Couple Dancing in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries. McFarland. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-7864-5360-3.
  25. Lawrence J. Quirk; William Schoell (2013). Joan Crawford: The Essential Biography. University Press of Kentucky. p. 3. ISBN 0-8131-4411-6.
  26. Thomas, pgs. 23–24
  27. Lawrence O. Christensen; William E. Foley; Gary Kremer (1999). Dictionary of Missouri Biography. University of Missouri Press. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-8262-6016-1.
  28. Time Inc (June 23, 1947). LIFE. p. 45. ISSN 0024-3019.
  29. Thomas, pg. 30
  30. Considine, pg. 12
  31. Granlund, pg. 147
  32. Thomas, pg. 106
  33. Granlund, pg. 135
  34. Donald Spoto (3 February 2011). Possessed: The Life of Joan Crawford. Random House. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-4070-8811-2.
  35. Crawford, quoted in Newquist, pg. 31
  36. Maas, quoted in LaSalle, pg. 123
  37. Thompson, pg. 47
  38. Paul Donnelley (2003). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Omnibus. p. 632. ISBN 978-0-7119-9512-3.
  39. Crawford, quoted in LaSalle, pg. 120
  40. Crawford, quoted in Skal, pg. 73
  41. Jennifer M. Bean; Diane Negra (21 November 2002). A Feminist Reader in Early Cinema. Duke University Press. pp. 235–236. ISBN 0-8223-2999-9.
  42. Fitzgerald, quoted in Thomas, pg. vii
  43. "Joan Crawford Weds in the East". Jefferson City MO Daily Capital News. June 4, 1929.
  44. Thomas, pg. 80
  45. Thomas, pg. 63
  46. Crawford, quoted in Thomas, pg. 65
  47. Háy, Peter (1991), MGM: When the Lion Roars, Atlanta: Turner Publishing, Inc., p. 72, ISBN 1-878685-04-X
  48. Leese, pg. 18
  49. Quirk, Lawrence J.; Schoell, William (2013). Joan Crawford, The Essential Biography. University Press of Kentucky. p. 54. ISBN 0-8131-4411-6.
  50. Dickstein, Martin (September 8, 1931). "'This (So Called) Modern Age' at the Capitol, "The Screen"". Brooklyn (New York) Daily Eagle. p. 22, columns 1–2.
  51. Adrian Robbe (June 2008). Metamorphosis of Hollywood Filmmaking. Lulu, Inc. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-4357-3290-2.
  52. Mary Ellen Snodgrass (17 March 2015). World Clothing and Fashion: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Social Influence. Routledge. pp. 387–388. ISBN 978-1-317-45167-9.
  53. Gary Marmorstein (16 July 2013). A Ship Without A Sail: The Life of Lorenz Hart. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 218. ISBN 978-1-4165-9426-0.
  54. "Time Magazine". March 8, 1933. Retrieved February 10, 2009.
  55. Considine, pgs. 91–92
  56. Thomas, pg. 94
  57. Thomas, pg. 114
  58. Considine, pgs. 97–98
  59. Thomas, pg. 241
  60. Thomas, pg. 113
  61. Thomas, pg. 115
  62. "Joan Crawford Weds Actor Phillip Terry". Lubbock (TX) Morning Avalanche. UP. July 22, 1942. p. 11.
  63. Quirk, Lawrence J. (2002). Joan Crawford: the essential biography. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press. p. 124. ISBN 0-8131-2254-6.
  64. Curtiz, quoted in Thomas, pg. 136
  65. Miller, Julie (September 26, 2012). "The Academy Award That Joan Crawford Accepted in Bed Sells; Can You Guess for How Much?". Vanity Fair. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  66. "Joan Crawford Is Wed in Las Vegas to Businessman". Moberly (MO) Monitor-Index and Democrat. Associated Press. May 10, 1955. p. 8.
  67. Thomas, pg. 190
  68. "Joan Crawford Dies at Home; Joan Crawford, Screen Star, Dies in Manhattan Home". New York Times. May 11, 1977. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
  69. Considine, pg. 286
  70. Quirk, Lawrence; Schoell (2002). Joan Crawford: the essential biography. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 312. ISBN 0-8131-2254-6.
  71. Hay, p. 22.
  72. "I'm Broke, Says Joan Crawford". Jefferson City (MO) Post-Tribune. Associated Press. June 1, 1959. p. 1.
  73. Considine, ibid.
  74. Thomas, pg. 225
  75. Considine, pg. 363
  76. Eu Cinemando (23 April 2017). "The References: "Feud" Episode 7 + "Hush... Hush... Sweet Charlotte" (Viewers Request)" – via YouTube.
  77. Thomas, pg. 231
  78. Windeler, Robert (1968-10-23). "Joan Crawford Takes Daughter's Soap Opera Role". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
  79. Thomas, pgs. 238–39
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  81. "Joan Crawford on The Sixth Sense". YouTube. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
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  83. Cowie, Peter. Joan Crawford: The Enduring Star (Rizzoli Universe Promotional Books, March 8, 2011), pp. 204–05
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  86. Thomas, pg. 266
  87. "Joan Crawford's Last Will and Testament".
  88. "Daughter Dearest", March 2008, Vanity Fair, pg. 2
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  90. Time Inc (March 1, 1937). LIFE. p. 49. ISSN 0024-3019.
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  92. "Playboy Ranks 100 Sexiest Stars of the Century in January Issue". Playboy Enterprises. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
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  98. Allyson, June; Leighton, Frances Spatz (1983). June Allyson. New York: Berkley. pp. 77–84. ISBN 0-425-06251-1.
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