Queer Places:
Fairview Cemetery Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky, USA

Duncan Hines: How a Traveling Salesman Became the Most Trusted ...Duncan Hines (March 26, 1880 – March 15, 1959) was an American pioneer of restaurant ratings for travelers. He is best known today for the brand of food products that bears his name. Hines visited and wrote about one of his favorite restaurants, the Pendarvis House, owned by the gay couple Edgar Hellum and Robert Neal, many times. He wrote: "Pendarvis House is one of the few places in this country where real Cornish meals are served, prepared from old authentic recipes, and where scalded cream may be had. Their Cornish pasty, hearty and appetizing, is served for luncheon or dinner with homemade relishes and pickles, and green salads with fresh herbs. Wild plum, citron or gooseberry preserves with the scalded cream, tea and saffron cake, served as dessert, are delights which will thrill the most jaded gourmet's palate." Hines was also a longtime friend of Gordon McCormick, who helped in the restoration of the Pendarvis Complex.

Hines was born in Bowling Green, Kentucky, the son of a former Confederate soldier. His mother died when he was four and he was raised by his grandmother.[1] Hines attended Bowling Green Business University, which later merged with what is now Western Kentucky University[2]; and worked in the American West for Wells Fargo and other companies before settling in Chicago.[1]

Hines worked as a traveling salesman for a Chicago printer, and he had eaten many meals on the road across the United States by 1935 when he was 55. At this time, there was no American interstate highway system and only a few chain restaurants, except in large populated areas. Therefore, travelers depended on getting a good meal at a local restaurant. Hines and his wife Florence began assembling a list for friends of several hundred good restaurants around the country. The book proved so successful that Hines added another which recommended lodging.[3][4] In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Hines wrote the newspaper food column Adventures in Good Eating at Home, which appeared in newspapers across the US three times a week on Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday. The column featured restaurant recipes adapted for home cooks that he had collected during his nationwide travels.[5][6]

He is pictured here (l-r): Edgar Hellum, Clara Hines, Duncan Hines, Bob Neal.

In 1952, Duncan Hines introduced Duncan Hines bread to the world through the Durkee's Bakery Company of Homer, New York. Principals Michael C. Antil Sr., Albert Durkee, and Lena Durkee were the bakery proprietors. This was Duncan Hines' first foray into baked goods. By 1953, Hines sold the right to use his name and the title of his book to Roy H. Park to form Hines-Park Foods, which licensed the name to a number of food-related businesses.[7][8] The cake mix license was sold to Nebraska Consolidated Mills in Omaha, Nebraska, which developed and sold the first Duncan Hines cake mixes. In 1957, Nebraska Consolidated Mills sold the cake mix business to the U.S. consumer products company Procter & Gamble. The company expanded the business to the national market and added a series of related products. Also in 1957, Hines appeared as a guest challenger on the TV panel show To Tell the Truth. Duncan Hines died of lung cancer 11 days short of what would have been his 79th birthday.[9] He was buried in Fairview Cemetery in Bowling Green, Kentucky, in the same series of Hines family plots as Thomas Hines.

The Duncan Hines brand is now owned by Conagra Brands, having been reunited with the company through its acquisition of Pinnacle Foods in 2018. Hines is widely honored in his hometown of Bowling Green, and a portion of U.S. Route 31W north of the city was named the Duncan Hines Highway after his death.[10] A museum exhibit at Western Kentucky University's Kentucky Museum in Bowling Green showcases Duncan Hines.[11]

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