Partner Michel Beaufort
Palais des festivals et des congrès de Cannes, 1 Boulevard de la Croisette, 06400 Cannes, France
Philippe Erlanger (July 11, 1903 - November 23, 1987) was a French civil servant, writer and biographer. He was the companion of actor Michel Beaufort.
Philippe Erlanger was the son of the composer Camille Erlanger (1863-1919) and Irene Hillel-Manoach (1878-1920), who belonged to the Camondo family. His parents were non-practicing Jews. He studied in Paris, earning a bachelor's degree in law, a law degree and a degree from the Free School of Political Science. He was appointed secretary general (1930-1938) and director (1938) of the French Association for Artistic Action, a position he held until 1968. At the same time, he was head of the artistic exchange department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1946-1968) with the title of retired plenipotentiary minister upon his departure from the Quai d'Orsay. A senior posted official in several ministries, he was also inspector general of the Ministry of National Education (1960-1967). Focusing on promoting French art abroad and foreign art in France, he organizes numerous exhibitions and theatrical tours (Louis Jouvet, Jean-Louis Barrault, Jean Vilar, etc.). It was he who came up with the idea for the Cannes Film Festival in 1939, in reaction to the discrediting of the Venice Film Festival, which in 1938 rewarded Leni Riefenstahl's documentary The Gods of the Stadium, under the influence of Nazism, tied with a film overseen by Mussolini's son. Present in Venice, he announced the launch of a competing initiative, with the endorsement of his minister of guardianship, Jean Zay, Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts. The city of Cannes was chosen for its amenity and sunshine. First general delegate of the festival (1946-1951), Philippe Erlanger was also a member of the jury in 1953 and 1954. In 1956 he had Alain Resnais' Nuit et Brouillard removed from the Cannes Film Festival selection so as not to offend Germany. He remained honorary president of the Cannes Film Festival until his death in 1987. Art critic, journalist and writer, Philippe Erlanger published numerous biographies. From a few chroniclers and memorialists of the time, he highlighted a historical personality with a predilection for the 16th and 17th centuries, from a strictly eventful perspective. His books have often been popular hits. His biography of Louis XIV (published by Fayard in 1965) was ranked at the top of the historical works of the century by a competition of the literary Figaro (and reissued in 1966 in the collection of the twelve best historical works by the publisher Sauret). The Regent (1938) is a biography of Philippe d'Orléans (1674-1723), as statesman and in his private life. Showing that the Regency (1715-1723) is not a period of decadence but of renewal, Erlanger highlights the current of freedom that accompanies the end of the reign of Louis XIV of France. Without revelling in the history of gritty and Gallic, he evokes the licentious culture associated with the Regency. In film, he co-wrote Marie Antoinette Queen of France (1956), presented in official selection at the Cannes Film Festival, and of The Seizure of Power by Louis XIV (Roberto Rossellini, 1966). His entire work was crowned with the Marie-Eugène Simon-Henri-Martin Prize of the French Academy in 1957 and was awarded the French Language and Literature Award in 1962. He was appointed Commander of the Legion of Honour in 1970. In April 1971, he co-edsed the "call to teachers" launched by the Institute of Western Studies after the resignation of Robert Flacelière from the management of theHigher Normal School.
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