Calle Juana Rouco Buela, 16630 Mota del Cuervo, Cuenca, Spain
Juana Rouco Buela (1889 - October 31, 1969) was a Spanish-Argentine laundress, anarcha-feminist organizer, public speaker, and advocate of women's political militancy. She was active in union organizing, speaking, and writing for anarchist journals in Argentina. She helped found the Women’s Anarchist center in Rosaria in 1907 and helped establish the paper La Nueva Senda (The New Path) in Uruguay and the outspoken feminist anarchist paper Nuestra Tribuna (Our Tribune) in Buenos Aires.
Juana Rouco Buela was committed to the emancipation of women and was a central figure of Argentine anarcho-syndicalism. She was one of the leading Argentine female trade unionists and one of the best public speakers. She also ran a book stand, selling pamphlets and literature pertaining to socialism, anarchism and such other works on political economy and other questions which interested the working people of Buenos Aires.
Born into a working-class family, Rouco Buela immigrated to Argentina at the age of 11, and taught herself how to read and write. She participated in the 1904 May Day rally. In 1907, she cofounded Centro Femenino Anarquista with Virginia Bolten, Teresa Caporaletti, Elisa Leotar, María Reyes, Violeta Garcia, Marta Newelstein, and Digna Collazo. In the same year, she was deported back to Spain; there she met with Federica Montseny, who had a significant influence over Rouco Buela. She had at least one child, a daughter, Poema, born in December 1923. In 1964 she wrote an autobiography entitled Historia de un ideal. Rouco Buela died on 31 October 1969 of wounds sustained after being hit by a pickup truck several months before.
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