House Keetman, Briller Höhe 6, 42115 Wuppertal, Germany
Friedhof Breitbrunn Breitbrunn am Chiemsee, Landkreis Rosenheim, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Gunild Keetman (born June 5, 1904 in Elberfeld; died December 14, 1990 in Breitbrunn am Chiemsee) was a German composer and music educator, best known for the "Orff-Schulwerk" developed in collaboration with Carl Orff.
Gunild Keetman was born in 1904 to a wealthy family in Elberfeld; her father was the consul and banker Alfred Keetman (1874-1957), whose ancestor Johann Keetman had married in the bank House J. Wichelhaus. Together with four siblings, she received early musical training. After two semesters in Bonn and Berlin, she went to Munich, where she worked on the connection between music and movement at the "Günther-Schule". The "Günther-Schule München - Training Centre of the Federation for Free and Applied Movement" was founded in 1924 by Carl Orff together with Dorothee Günther as a training centre for gymnastics, rhythm, music and dance. Orff himself headed the music department. In collaboration with him, Gunild Keetman developed the "Orff-Schulwerk" as a new model for music and movement education. The basis of her work was the idea to develop the musical-rhythmic feeling out of the movement. Children should also find themselves through musical education – an approach that is still used in therapeutic pedagogy to this day. In 1936 she led the youth orchestra of the "Günther-Schule" for the Telefunken recording of the Orff piece Einzug und Reigen der Kinder, which was performed at the opening of the Olympic Games in Berlin. In 1949 Keetman began to teach the "Orff-Schulwerk" through children's courses at the Mozarteum in Salzburg, later the courses were also offered to students. At the Orff Institute in Salzburg, she was responsible for practical movement work. From 1950 to 1954, she and Orff published five volumes of music for children, a new version of the Orff School. Keetman was involved in music for children with a large proportion of her own compositions, especially instrumental pieces. She also represented the Orff-Schulwerk at technical conferences and contributed significantly to its dissemination. In 1970, her book Elementaria was published as a didactic guide to the first treatment of the Orff school work. In her later years Gunild Keetman withdrew increasingly from practical work and, together with Minna Ronnefeld, devoted himself to the publication of numerous works for recorder. Gunild Keetman died at the end of 1990 at the age of 86 and was buried on 3 January 1991 in the cemetery of Breitbrunn am Chiemsee. Photographer Peter Keetman was her brother.
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