Partner Rudolf Nureyev

Queer Places:
Royal Danish Ballet School, Sankt Annæ Pl. 36, 1250 København K, Danimarca
Mariebjerg Cemetery, Mariebjergvej 1, 2820 Gentofte, Danimarca

Erik Belton Evers Bruhn (3 October 1928 – 1 April 1986) was a Danish danseur, choreographer, artistic director, actor, and author.

Erik Bruhn was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, the fourth child and first son of Ellen (née Evers), owner of a hairdressing salon, and third child of Ernst Bruhn. His parents married shortly before his birth.[1] Bruhn began training with the Royal Danish Ballet when he was nine years old, and made his unofficial début on the stage of Copenhagen's Royal Opera House in 1946, dancing the role of Adonis in Harald Lander's ballet Thorvaldsen.[2]

He was taken permanently into the company in 1947 at the age of eighteen. Bruhn took the first of his frequent sabbaticals from the Danish company in 1947, dancing for six months with the short-lived Metropolitan Ballet in England, where he formed his first major partnership, with the Bulgarian ballerina Sonia Arova. He returned to the Royal Danish Ballet in the spring of 1948 and was promoted to soloist in 1949, the highest level a dancer can attain in the Danish ballet. Later in 1949, he again took a leave of absence and joined American Ballet Theatre in New York City, where he would dance regularly for the next nine years, although his home company continued to be the Royal Danish Ballet.

The turning point in Bruhn's international career came on 1 May 1955 with his début in the role of Albrecht in Giselle partnering Dame Alicia Markova, nearly twenty years his senior, in a matinée with Ballet Theatre in New York after only three days of rehearsal.[3] The performance caused a sensation. Dance critic John Martin, writing in the New York Times, called it "a date to write down in the history books, for it was as if the greatest Giselle of today were handing over a sacred trust to what is probably the greatest Albrecht of tomorrow."

Bruhn formally resigned from the Danish ballet in 1961, by which time he had become internationally known as a phenomenon, although he continued to dance periodically with the company as a guest artist. In May 1961, he returned to Ballet Theatre for its New York season.

During the next 10 years, Bruhn formed long relationships as a guest artist not only with Ballet Theatre but with most all of the major ballet companies in Europe and North America, including the New York City Ballet, the Joffrey Ballet, the National Ballet of Canada, the Paris Opera Ballet, and London's Royal Ballet. He was best known for his lead roles in La Sylphide, Giselle, Frederick Ashton's Romeo and Juliet, and Swan Lake. John Cranko made Daphnis and Chlöe on him in 1962 at the Stuttgart Ballet, which Bruhn considered his favorite from amongst the ballets created specifically for him.[5] He was also acclaimed in dramatic roles, such as Jean in Birgit Cullberg's Miss Julie, the Moor in José Limón's The Moor's Pavane, and Don José in Roland Petit's Carmen. In addition to Sonia Arova, Bruhn had significant dance partnerships with a large and unusually varied number of ballerinas: the Americans Cynthia Gregory, Nora Kaye, Allegra Kent, and Maria Tallchief; the Russian Natalia Makarova; the Dane Kirstin Simone; the British Nadia Nerina; and, most famously, with the Italian prima ballerina Carla Fracci.

Bruhn was made a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog, one of Denmark's highest honors, in 1963, the same year he was awarded the Vaslav Nijinsky Prize in Paris.[6] After retiring as a Danseur Noble in 1972, Bruhn danced character roles, such as Madge the Witch in La Sylphide, Dr. Coppelius, and Petrushka. He was director of the Swedish Opera Ballet from 1967 to 1973 and the National Ballet of Canada from 1983 until his death in 1986. Although twice offered the directorship of the Royal Danish Ballet, he twice declined the post. His productions of full-length Classical Ballets, such as La Sylphide, Giselle, Coppélia, and his somewhat controversial Swan Lake for the National Ballet of Canada, were well received, as were his stagings of pas de deux from the Bournonville repertoire. A superb teacher and coach, Bruhn was dedicated to imparting purity of form and dance as drama not spectacle. He believed in "complete identification" with the character being portrayed, "but under complete control. Because if you lose yourself completely, you cannot communicate."[3] In 1974, he played a leading role in the stage play Rashomon with Susse Wold in Denmark, for which he won acclaim.

Bruhn met Rudolf Nureyev, the celebrated Russian dancer, after Nureyev defected to the West in 1961. Nureyev was a great admirer of Bruhn, having seen filmed performances of the Dane on tour in Russia with the American Ballet Theatre, although stylistically the two dancers were very different. Bruhn became the great love of Nureyev's life[7][8] and the two remained close for 25 years, until Bruhn's death.[9]

Erik Bruhn died in Toronto General Hospital on 1 April 1986 at the age of 57. His death was attributed to lung cancer.[10] However, according to Pierre-Henri Verlhac, he might have died of AIDS.[11] He is buried in an unmarked grave at Mariebjerg Cemetery in Gentofte, an affluent northern suburb of Copenhagen, near the house where he grew up.


  1. Gruen, John Erik Bruhn: Danseur Noble (1979) ISBN 0-670-29771-2
  2. Gruen, pg. 33
  3. Bruhn, Erik Beyond Technique (1968) ISBN 0-384-06086-2
  4. "Danseur Noble". Time. 5 May 1961. Retrieved 13 March 2009.
  5. Gruen, pg. 126
  6. Gruen, pg. 131
  7. Kavanagh, Julie Nureyev: The Life (2007) ISBN 978-0-375-40513-6
  8. "Literary Review". Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 13 March 2009.
  9. "Rudolf Nureyev Foundation Official Website". Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  10. Rockwell, John (2 April 1986). "Erik Bruhn Dies in Toronto". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  11. Verlhac, Pierre-Henri Nurejew: Bilder eines Lebens (Nureyev: Images of a Life)(2008) ISBN 978-3-89487-606-7
  12. "A Great Dancer Retires" by Clive Barnes, NY Times 16 January 1972
  13. Kisselgoff, Anna (13 April 1986). "Erik Bruhn – Epitome of the Danseur Noble". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  14. "Erik Bruhn is Given Posthumous Award". The New York Times. 4 June 1987. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  15. "The Erik Bruhn Prize". Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
  16. "Erik Bruhn Gala: World Ballet Competition (1988)". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  17. "Dance Film Archive". Archived from the original on 22 September 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
  18. Gruen, pg. 239