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Elizabeth Gould Davis (1910–1974) was an American lesbian librarian who wrote a feminist book called The First Sex.
She was born in Kansas, United States in 1910 and earned her master's degree in librarianship at the University of Kentucky in 1951. She worked as a librarian at Sarasota, Florida and while there wrote The First Sex. She died in 1974.
She argued in The First Sex that congenital killers and criminals have two Y chromosomes, that men say they don't mind women being successful but require femininity when feminine qualities work against success, and that a matriarchy should replace the existing patriarchy. Prof. Ginette Castro criticized Davis' position as grounded "in the purest female chauvinism."
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