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Image result for Elizabeth Barrett BrowningElizabeth Barrett Browning (née Moulton-Barrett, 6 March 1806 – 29 June 1861) was an English poet of the Victorian era, popular in Britain and the United States during her lifetime.

Born in County Durham, the eldest of 12 children, Elizabeth Barrett wrote poetry from about the age of six. Her mother's collection of her poems forms one of the largest extant collections of juvenilia by any English writer. At 15 she became ill, suffering intense head and spinal pain for the rest of her life. Later in life she also developed lung problems, possibly tuberculosis. She took laudanum for the pain from an early age, which is likely to have contributed to her frail health.

In the 1830s Elizabeth was introduced to literary society through her cousin, John Kenyon. Her first adult collection of poems was published in 1838 and she wrote prolifically between 1841 and 1844, producing poetry, translation and prose. She campaigned for the abolition of slavery and her work helped influence reform in the child labour legislation. Her prolific output made her a rival to Tennyson as a candidate for poet laureate on the death of Wordsworth.

Elizabeth's volume Poems (1844) brought her great success, attracting the admiration of the writer Robert Browning. Their correspondence, courtship and marriage were carried out in secret, for fear of her father's disapproval. Following the wedding she was indeed disinherited by her father. The couple moved to Italy in 1846, where she would live for the rest of her life. They had one son, Robert Barrett Browning, whom they called Pen. She died in Florence in 1861.[1][2] A collection of her last poems was published by her husband shortly after her death.

Elizabeth's work had a major influence on prominent writers of the day, including the American poets Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson. She is remembered for such poems as "How Do I Love Thee?" (Sonnet 43, 1845) and Aurora Leigh (1856).


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  14. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (15 August 1986). Sonnets from the Portuguese: A Celebration 0f Love. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-74501-1.
  15. "Isa Blagden", in: The Brownings' Correspondence. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
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  19. "On the Cruelty of Forcement to Man Alluding to the Press Gang". Elizbeth Barrett Browning Selected Poems.
  20. Wall, Jennifer Kingma. "Love and Marriage: How Biographical Interpretation affected the Reception of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's "Sonnets from the Portuguese" (1850)". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 2 January 2015. the title was actually a reference to a term of endearment Robert had for Elizabeth, my little Portuguese, a reference to her dark complexion
  21. Alma Lutz (1959). Susan B. Anthony Rebel, Crusader, Humanitarian. Boston, Beacon Press.
  22. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (2001). Aurora Leigh, and other poems. Women's Press. ISBN 978-0-7043-3820-3.
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  24. Linda M. Lewis (January 1998). Elizabeth Barrett Browning's spiritual progress: face to face with God. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-1146-0. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  25. Galchinsky, Michael (2003-01-01). "Women's Poetry and Religion in Victorian England: Jewish Identity and Christian Culture (review)". Victorian Studies. 45 (3): 551–553. doi:10.1353/vic.2003.0122. ISSN 1527-2052.
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  32. Dwight Thomas; David Kelly Jackson (1 September 1995). Poe Log: A Documentary Life of Edgar Allan Poe, 1809–1849. G K Hall. p. 591. ISBN 978-0-7838-1401-8.
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