Partner Mary Garrett Hay, buried together

Queer Places:
Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, Stati Uniti
20 Ryder Rd, Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510, Stati Uniti
120 Paine Ave, New Rochelle, NY 10804, Stati Uniti
257 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024, Stati Uniti
Woodlawn Cemetery, E 233rd St & Webster Avenue, Bronx, NY 10470, Stati Uniti

Carrie Chapman Catt (January 9, 1859 – March 9, 1947) was an American women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920.[1] Catt served as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and was the founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women. She "led an army of voteless women in 1919 to pressure Congress to pass the constitutional amendment giving them the right to vote and convinced state legislatures to ratify it in 1920" and "was one of the best-known women in the United States in the first half of the twentieth century and was on all lists of famous American women".[2]

Despite being married twice, Catt did not live with her husband full-time. After the death of George Catt, she lived with Mary "Mollie" Garrett Hay, a suffragist leader from New York.[43] Hay was not a part of the international circle of elites that Catt aligned herself with; however, it was understood that they had a special relationship. Catt requested burial alongside Hay, rather than either of her husbands.[43]

Carrie Chapman Catt and Anna Howard Shaw in 1917
Carrie Chapman Catt and Anna Howard Shaw in 1917

In 1915, Anna Howard Shaw resigned as NAWSA president and was replaced by Catt.

When Hay died in 1928, Alda Wilson moved in with Catt and remained as her secretary until Catt's death.[44][45] Wilson was Catt's companion[46] and eventual estate executor, donating six volumes of photographs and memorabilia from Catt's estate to Bryn Mawr College.[47]

On March 9, 1947, Catt died of a heart attack in her home in New Rochelle, New York.[1] She was buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York City.[29] alongside her longtime companion, Mary Garrett Hay, a fellow New York state suffragist, with whom she lived for over 20 years.[12][30]

Catt attained recognition for her work both during and after her lifetime. In 1926, she was featured on the cover of Time magazine and, in 1930, she received the Pictorial Review Award for her international disarmament work. In 1941, Catt received the Chi Omega award at the White House from her longtime friend Eleanor Roosevelt.[31] In 1975, Catt became the first inductee into the Iowa Women's Hall of Fame.[29] A stamp was issued in 1948 in remembrance of the Seneca Falls Convention, featuring Catt, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott. In 1982, Catt was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame. In 1992, the Iowa Centennial Memorial Foundation named her one of the ten most important women of the century.[29] The same year, Iowa State University established the Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women and Politics and in 1992, and the Old Botany building on central campus was renovated and renamed Carrie Chapman Catt Hall in 1995.[29] Catt was played by Anjelica Huston in the 2004 film Iron Jawed Angels. In 2013, she was one of the first four women to be honored on the Iowa Women of Achievement Bridge in Des Moines.[29]

20 Ryder Rd, Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510, Stati Uniti

120 Paine Ave, New Rochelle, NY 10804, Stati Uniti

On August 26, 2016 (Women's Equality Day), a monument commissioned by Tennessee Suffrage Monument, Inc.[32] and sculpted by Alan LeQuire was unveiled in Centennial Park in Nashville, featuring depictions of Catt, Anne Dallas Dudley, Abby Crawford Milton, Juno Frankie Pierce, and Sue Shelton White.[33][34]

Alice Paul and Catt both devoted their lives to the women's suffrage movement. They simply had differing opinions on the tactics of raising public and political awareness. Catt believed that the correct method to get womens rights to vote was by a state by state tactic.

My published books:

See my published books


  1. "Carrie C. Catt Dies Of Heart Attack. Woman's Suffrage Pioneer, Long an Advocate of World Peace, Succumbs at 88". New York Times. March 10, 1947.
  2. Van Voris, Jacqueline (1996). Carrie Chapman Catt: A Public Life. New York City: Feminist Press at CUNY. p. vii. ISBN 1558611398.
  3. Katja Wuestenbecker. "Catt, Carrie Chapman" in World War 1: the Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection Vol. 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2014, p. 359.
  4. Mary Gray Peck. Carrie Chapman Catt: A Biography, New York, H. W. Wilson, 1944, pp. 30-32.
  5. Van Voris, p. 7.
  6. Van Voris, p. 8.
  7. "Carrie Lane Chapman Catt". Traditions. ISU Alumni Association. Archived from the original on May 4, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
  8. Peck, p. 33.
  9. Peck, p. 34.
  10. Van Voris, p. 9.
  11. "Carrie Chapman Catt Papers, 1880-1958". Five College Archives & Manuscript Collections. Five College Consortium. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  12. "Carrie Chapman Catt Girlhood Home and Museum: About Carrie Chapman Catt". catt.org.
  13. McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. "Carrie Chapman Catt." American History, ABC-CLIO, 2017, americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/246179. Accessed 25 Oct. 2017
  14. http://www.biography.com/people/carrie-chapman-catt-9241831
  15. Library of Congress. Carrie Chapman Catt.
  16. Van Voris, p. 21.
  17. Bredbenner, Candice Lewis (1998). A Nationality of Her Own: Women, Marriage, and the Law of Citizenship. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 48.
  18. Munns, Roger (May 5, 1996). "University Honors Suffragette Despite Racism Charge". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  19. United States Congress, Office of the Historian. Women in Congress, 1917-1990. Washington, DC: U.S. G.P.O., 1991, p. 208.
  20. "Votes for Women: Carrie Chapman Catt". loc.gov.
  21. Nate Levin. Carrie Chapman Catt: A Life of Leadership. 2006, p. 62.
  22. Peter D. Shaver (October 2003). "National Register of Historic Places Registration:Carrie Chapman Catt House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Archived from the original on 2014-08-17. Retrieved 2010-12-24.
  23. Schott, Linda. "'Middle-of-the-Road' Activists Carrie Chapman Catt and the National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War". Peace & Change, vol. 21, no. 1 (January 1996): 1-21.
  24. Recker, Cristen. "Carrie Chapman Catt". Ladies For Liberty. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
  25. Wuestenbecker, Katja, "Catt, Carrie Chapman" in World War 1: the Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2014, ISBN 9781851099641, Vol. 1, page 359.
  26. Nasaw, David (2001). The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 489. ISBN 0-618-15446-9.
  27. James, Edward T.; James, Janet Wilson (1974). Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. Harvard University Press. p. 312. ISBN 0-674-62734-2.
  28. Francisca de Haan; Krasimira Daskalova; Anna Loutfi (2006). Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe: 19th and 20th Centuries. Central European University Press. p. 334. ISBN 978-963-7326-39-4.
  29. Carrie Chapman Catt Center for Women and Politics. "Timeline of Carrie Chapman Catt’s Life".
  30. Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons. 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 7790-7791). McFarland & Company, Inc. Kindle Edition
  31. "Carrie Chapman Catt (1859-1947)". iastate.edu.
  32. "Too Few Statues of Women". Tennessee Suffrage Monument, Inc.
  33. 5:33 PM, Aug 26, 2016. "Women's Suffrage Monument Unveiled - Story". Newschannel5.com. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  34. "Nashville's Newest Monument Celebrates State's Role In Women's Winning The Right To Vote". Nashville Public Radio. Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  35. Griffith, Elisabeth (1984). In Her Own Right: The Life of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. New York: Oxford University Press, p. 212. ISBN 0-19-503440-6
  36. Griffith, p. 211
  37. Harper (1898–1908), Vol. 2, p. 853
  38. Griffith, p. 213
  39. Elizabeth Gillespie McRae. "How White Supremacy Forgot the Women". The New York Times, February 2, 2018.
  40. "Suffragette's Racial Remark Haunts College". The New York Times, May 5, 1996. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  41. Amidon, Kevin (April 2007). "Carrie Chapman Catt and the Evolutionary Politics of Sex and Race, 1885-1940". Journal of the History of Ideas. 68 (2): 309.
  42. "Catt Fight at Iowa State". The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, no. 18 (Winter, 1997-1998), 73-74.
  43. Rupp, Leila J. "Sexuality and Politics in the Early Twentieth Century: The Case of the International Women's Movement". Feminist Studies, vol. 23, no. 3 (Fall 1997): 577-605.
  44. Keller, Kristin Thoennes (2006). Carrie Chapman Catt: A Voice for Women. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Capstone. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-7565-0991-0.
  45. Radke-Moss, Andrea G. (2008). Bright Epoch: Women and Coeducation in the American West. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. p. 286. ISBN 0-8032-1942-3.
  46. Morris, Ruth (January 13, 1934). "Possible Need of New War Seen by Pacifist Leader". Berkeley, California: Berkeley Daily Gazette. p. 2. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  47. Grubb, Barbara Ward (Fall 2004). "Carrie Chapman Catt Digital Image Collection" (PDF). Mirabile Dictu. Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania: Friends of the Bryn Mawr College Library (8): 14–16. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  48. http://www.broadwayworld.com/norfolk/article/World-Premiere-of-WINTER-WHEAT-Begins-Performances-729-at-Barter-Theatre-20140723