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'''André Paul Guillaume Gide''' (22 November 1869 – 19 February 1951) was a French author and winner of
the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1947 "for his comprehensive and
artistically significant writings, in which human problems and
conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen
Gide's career ranged from its beginnings in the symbolist movement, to the advent of
anticolonialism between the two World Wars. The
author of "more than fifty books", at the time of his death the New
York Times obituary described him as "France's greatest contemporary
man of letters" and "judged the greatest French writer of this century
by the literary
Known for his fiction as well as his autobiographical works, Gide exposes to public view the conflict and eventual reconciliation of the two sides of his personality, split apart by a straitlaced traducing of education and a narrow social moralism. Gide's work can be seen as an investigation of freedom and empowerment in the face of moralistic and puritanical constraints, and centres on his continuous effort to achieve intellectual honesty. His self-exploratory texts reflect his search of how to be fully oneself, even to the point of owning one's sexual nature, without at the same time betraying one's values. His political activity is informed by the same ethos, as indicated by his repudiation of communism after his 1936 voyage to the USSR.
He befriended Oscar Wilde in Paris, and in 1895 Gide and Wilde met in Algiers. Wilde had the impression that he had introduced Gide to homosexuality, but, in fact, Gide had already discovered this on his own.
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