Rua Aluísio Azevedo - João XXIII, Fortaleza - CE, Brazil
Aluísio Tancredo Gonçalves de Azevedo (14 April 1857 – 21 January 1913) was a Brazilian novelist, caricaturist, diplomat, playwright and short story writer. Initially a Romantic writer, he would later adhere to the Naturalist movement. He introduced the Naturalist movement in Brazil with the novel O Mulato, in 1881. Adolfo Caminha's Bom-Crioulo (1895; The Good Nigger) is the first Latin American novel to deal with homosexuality as a theme, while Aluisio Azevedo's O Cortiço (1890; The Tenement) contains the first scene of lesbian seduction and lesbian acts.
Azevedo founded and occupied the 4th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1913.
Azevedo was born in São Luís, to David Gonçalves de Azevedo (the Portuguese vice-consul in Brazil) and Emília Amália Pinto de Magalhães. He was the younger brother of the famous playwright Artur Azevedo.
As a child, Aluísio would work as a traveling salesman. Since then, he loved painting and drawing, and would move to Rio de Janeiro in 1876 (where his brother Artur was living already), to study at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes. After graduating, he drew caricatures for journals such as O Fígaro, O Mequetrefe, Zig-Zag and A Semana Ilustrada.
His father's death, in 1878, made him return to São Luís, in order to take care of his family. He then initiated his writer career, publishing in 1880 a typical Romantic novel, Uma Lágrima de Mulher. He helps on the creation of an anticlerical journal named O Pensador, where he wrote Abolitionist articles. In 1881 he publishes the first Brazilian Naturalist novel ever: O Mulato, that deals with the themes of racism. Consolidating his career as a writer, he could return to Rio.
He would write endlessly during the period of 1882-1895. Also dating from this period are his famous novels Casa de Pensão (1884) and O Cortiço (1890), as well as many other works written in partnership with his brother or with Émile Rouède.
In 1895 he became a diplomat. He served as a minister in Spain, Japan, England, Italy and Argentina, where he died.
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