Château Ramezay - Musée et site historique de Montréal, 280 Rue Notre-Dame Est, Montréal, QC H2Y 1C5, Canada
Arthur de Bussières ( January 20, 1877 - May 7, 1913 ) is a Quebec poet. No biographical sources published during Émile Nelligan (1879–1941)'s lifetime contain any confirmed record of Nelligan having had any sexual or romantic relationships with either men or women, although some posthumous sources have suggested that he may have been the lover of Arthur de Bussières. Within the École littéraire de Montréal circle with which both Nelligan and Bussières were associated, it was widely believed that Nelligan was confined to the asylum because his mother discovered him and Bussières in bed together, although this claim was not widely publicized until the late 20th century and remains unconfirmed. Conversely, the 1991 biographical film Nelligan depicts Nelligan as a celibate bisexual, portraying him as sexually ambivalent in the face of romantic attractions to both Bussières and feminist activist Idola Saint-Jean, and implying that his mother attempted to commit incest with him.
Born in Montreal , Arthur de Bussières studied at the Saint-Jean-Baptiste school with the clerics of Saint-Viateur . To live, he works as a painter and decorator. His first poems were published in Le Monde Illustré in 1896.
He became a member of the École littéraire de Montréal on October 1 , 1896. He introduced Émile Nelligan to the group in 1897. He was a friend of the poet Charles Gill . He left this school in 1900 but returned in 1910 . He is above all friends with Henry Desjardins, to whom he dedicates the poem Réminiscences . This friendship is mutual: “Henry Desjardins, taking advantage of a prolonged absence of his friend, reads, at the session of April 22, 1898 of the Literary School, a review of the sonnets of A. de Bussières [ 1 ] . " He was also linked to Joseph Melançon , who dedicated the poem Somnium to him [ 2 ] .
He joined the evening literary events of the École littéraire de Montréal at the Château Ramezay. In 1900 the first collected volume of the group appeared, Les soireés du Château Ramezay. de Bussières' literary period was brief. Three of his poems are published in Le Petit Messager du Très Saint-Sacrement edited by Louis Dantin and then taken up in Franges d'autel (1900).
A. de Bussières published his poems in several Quebec magazines of his time: Le Monde Illustré (24 poems between September 5, 1896 and February 8, 1902), Le Passe-Temps (20 poems between October 30, 1897 and September 27, 1913 ), L'Avenir (two poems between November 4 and 9, 1900), L'Étudiant (a poem on April 13, 1901), La Revue populaire (six poems between September 1908 and July 1914), Les Débats (six poems between December 10, 1899 and April 7, 1901), The National Alliance (four poems between March 1897 and December 1906), Anthology of Canadian poets (three poems in 1920) [ 3 ] .
All of his poems will be taken up in volume almost twenty years after his death, in the collection Les Bengalis , by Casimir Hébert, who received the notebook bearing this same title from the poet's sister, Madame Wilfrid Massie [ 4 ] . The collection has a total of 61 poems, the production of which ranges as follows: six in 1896 [ 5 ] , eighteen in 1897, eleven in 1898, twelve in 1899, nine in 1900, one in 1910, two in 1911, two in 1912 [ 3 ] .
de Bussières excelled in sonnet , but had more difficulty with prose , according to journalist Olivar Asselin. [ 6 ] Unfortunate poet, having known his bohemianism , he read Baudelaire , Hérédia , Leconte de Lisle and Maurice Rollinat .
Died in 1913 , he received a place in the Anthology of Canadian poets by Jules Fournier in 1920 [ 7 ] .
It went into oblivion for a while, but it was rediscovered thanks to the numerous studies on Nelligan.
My published books:
BACK TO HOME PAGE